Last year, there were 46 flights by planes chartered under the auspices of the border protection agency Frontex. On board were people who were denied asylum in Europe and who were deported by EU member states. We have analyzed all Frontex reports pertaining to the repatriation flights. Our interactive graphic shows who had to leave Europe, where they were flown to and what the deportation cost European taxpayers.
Why does the number of escorts vary? There are a number of reasons why the number of escorts differs from flight to flight. On the one hand, each EU state has its own rules. In Germany, for example, the federal police force is able to decide on a case-by-case basis. Families require fewer escorts whereas released convicts often need to be guarded by several officials. In other countries, the number of escorts per deportee is specified. Great Britain, for example, usually sends four escorts along. On the other hand, the country of origin also determines the number of escorts. Often, entire families come from the western Balkans and they require fewer escorts than, for example, young, solitary men who are repatriated to Nigeria. Finally, Georgia sends its own police officers who accompany Frontex flights in addition to EU officials.
More about the deporting routine in our article: Europe’s Deportation Machine